Plants Parts as Sources of Food :
Table : Edible Parts of Some Plants

Animals as Sources of Food : Animals provide us food in the form of milk, meat, fish , eggs and honey. 
(i)     Milk - yielding animals : Cow and buffalo. 
(ii)     Meat - yielding animals : Sheep, goat and pig. Meat of pig is called pork. 

(iii)   Poultry animals : Birds like hen, duck and turkey. 
Poultry products are rich sources of proteins and have right kind of fat for good health . 
Animals which provide meat and egg are called poulty animals.
(iv)    Fish : Fish is a major source of food rich in animal proteins. Fish proteins have high digestibility and growth-promoting value. Also, cod and shark liver oils are rich in vitamin - D. In India , fish are found both in fresh water (ponds, lakes and rivers) and sea water. 

*   Fresh Water Fishes : Catla, Labeo, Pirrhina, Barbus, Mystus, Clarius. 
*    Sea Water Fishes : Hilsa, cat fish, sardines, ribbon fish, red mullet, pomfret, bombay duck.Rearing and management of fish on a large scale is known as pisciculture.
(v)  Honey bees : The insects which provide us honey are known as honey bees. The honey bees collect necter (sweet juice) from flowers, convert it into honey and store it in their nest, which is known as the beehive.
The rearing of honey bees on a large scale is known as apiculture. The place used for the rearing of honey bees is called an "apiary". Honey is produced by honey bees from the necter of flowers. It consists of water, sugar minerals and enzymes. It is an antiseptic (which destroys the growth of micro organisms) and is easily digestible. For this reason, honey is used in medicines.


Plant Parts and Animal Products as Food

Animal Products as Food

  1. Meat – Goat, Chicken, Pork, Fish, Prawns etc. are part of the Non-vegetarian diet.
  2. Egg – Eggs of Hen, Duck, Goose like meat are also part of the Non-vegetarian diet.
  3. Milk – Dairy products obtained from Cow, Buffalo, Camel, Goat in a dairy farm
  4. Honey – Bees collect nectar (sweet juices) from flowers, convert it into honey and store it in their hive.

Plants act as sources of food ingredients such as fruits, vegetables, grains, pulses etc.

Animals are sources of food ingredients such as milk, eggs, meat products etc.

These are shown in the figure above.

Some examples of edible plant parts are shown in the image above and their examples are given below:

  • Roots: beets, carrots, radishes, turnips, ginger,
  • Stems: broccoli stem, bamboo shoots, sugar cane, potato
  • Leaves: spinach, lettuce etc.
  • Fruits: apple, pear, tomatoes, grapes, cherries, oranges
  • Edible Flowers: broccoli heads, cauliflower heads
  • Seeds: sunflower seeds