Prime Factorisation
When a number is expressed as a product of its factors we say that the number has been factorised. Thus, when we write 24 = 3×8, we say that 24 has been factorised. This is one of the factorisations of 24. The others are :

Such a factorisation of a number is called a prime factorisation.

Ex :     Find the prime factorisation of 980.
Sol.:     We proceed as follows:
We divide the number 980 by 2, 3, 5, 7 etc. in this order repeatedly so long as the quotient is divisible by that number.Thus, the prime factorisation of 980 is 2 × 2 × 5 × 7 × 7.

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