Hormones other than Sex Hormones

Other endocrine glands that are present in the Human Body are:



Hormones: Thyroxine

Location and Function: 

  • It is found at the front of the neck between the windpipes.
  • It has a brownish-red color and secretes a collection of hormones called Thyroid Hormones.
  • The thyroid hormone controls the rate of metabolism in the body.
  • Lack of Thyroxine results in Goitre.


Hormones: Insulin Glucagon

Location and Function: 

  • The Pancreas is almost a 6-inch long gland located behind the stomach.
  • It produces digestive enzymes, glucagon, and insulin. 
  • The insulin maintains glucose levels in the blood.
  • The glucagon prevents the insulin levels from getting too low in the body.
  • The insulin activates when the blood glucose levels are high while the glucagon activates when the blood sugar levels are low.
  • Lack of insulin in the body leads to diabetes


Hormones: Adrenaline

Location and Function: 

  • Adrenal glands have a size almost of a walnut and are located above the kidneys.
  • They secrete more than 150 hormones in the human body for various purposes.
  • Adrenaline helps in managing stress  as it increases the blood sugar levels, dilates the pupils, increases the heart rate, enhances the blood supply to the muscles
  • It also maintains a balance of salt in the blood.


Hormones: Growth Hormone

Location and Function: 

  • The pituitary gland has a size as small as a pea and is located inside the skull.
  • It is also called the master gland as it controls the function of all other glands.
  • It also secretes prolactin that stimulates the production of milk.
  • The growth hormone is responsible for the growth of a person.

Hormones: Parathormone

Location and Function: 

  • The parathyroid glands are located behind the thyroid glands.
  • The parathormone maintains the level of calcium in the body.
  • If they produce excess hormones it can lead to severe effects such as kidney stones and brittle bones.


Hormones: Melatonin

Location and Function:

  • It is also known as the Third Eye and is located between the two halves of the brain.
  • Melatonin is responsible for the working of the internal clock of the body. This means it influences the cardiac rhythm or the sleep-wake cycle of the body.