Forces are mainly of two types:

(i) Balanced forces

(ii) Unbalanced forces

Balanced Forces

→ If the resultant of applied forces is equal to zero, it is called balanced forces.

Example: In the tug of war if both the team apply similar magnitude of forces in opposite directions, rope does not move in either side.

This happens because of balanced forces in which resultant of applied forces become zero.

→ Balanced forces do not cause any change of state of an object. Balanced forces are equal in magnitude and opposite in direction.

→ Balanced forces can change the shape and size of an object.

For example: When forces are applied from both sides over a balloon, the size and shape of balloon is changed.

 Unbalanced Forces

→ If the resultant of applied forces are greater than zero, the forces are called unbalanced forces.

→ An object in rest can be moved because of applying balanced forces.

• Effects of Unbalanced forces -

→ Move a stationary object

→ Increase the speed of a moving object

→ Decrease the speed of a moving object

→ Stop a moving object

→ Change the shape and size of an object

 

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