Deforestation and its Causes

A great variety of plants and animals exist on earth. They are essential for the well-being and survival of mankind.


It means clearing or cutting of trees or forests over a large area.

Forests are cut so that land can be used for different purposes like building houses, making roads etc.

Deforestation is the process of clearing forests in order to use the land for timber, industrial, agricultural and other purposes.

Causes of Deforestation

Natural causes
→ Forest fire
→ Severe droughts
→ Man-made causes
→ Using land for agricultural purposes
→ Rapid urbanization
→ Procurement of wood for fuel and furniture

Major Reasons for Deforestation are:

What are the Causes of Deforestation?




Trees are cut for   :

Agriculture: Trees are cut to Provide Land for Agriculture and Cultivation.

Housing: Trees are cut to Provide Land for Houses and Factories.

Furniture and Paper: Trees are cut to obtain wood. Wood from trees is used to make Furniture.

Fuel: Wood from trees is burnt and used as fuel for cooking etc.

Natural Causes

Deforestation also happens due to natural causes like forest fires, drought etc.