- Books Name
- Social Science Book
- Cognizance Publication
- CBSE Class 7
- Social Science
These occur on either side of the equator and extends till the tropics.This vegetation grows in the areas of moderate to low amount of rainfall.The grass can grow very tall, about 3 to 4 metres in height.Example- Savannah grasslands of Africa.
Common animals- Elephants, zebras, giraffe, deer, leopards.
These are found in the mid- latitudinal zones and in the interior part of the continents.Usually, grass here is short and nutritious.
Common animals- Wild buffaloes, bisons, antilopes.
These are found in the dry desert like regions which are located on the western margins of the continents. The vegetation cover is scarce her because of scanty rain and scorching heat. eg. Thar Desert India.
This place is extremely cold. The growth of natural vegetationis very limited here. Only mosses, lichens and very small shrubs are foundhere which grows during the very short summer. This is called Tundra type of vegetation. This vegetation is found in polar areas of Europe, Asia and North America.The animals have thick fur and thick skin to protect themselves from the cold climatic conditions.
Common Animals- Seal, walruses, musk-oxen,arctic owl, polar bear and snow foxes.
Grasslands are known by different names in different regions.
East Africa- Savanna.
North America- Prairie
South Africa- Veld
Central Asia- Steppe.