- Books Name
- CBSE Class 7 Science Book
- Param Publication
- CBSE Class 7
• The average weather pattern taken over a long time say 25 years is called as the climate of the place.
• It is the average weather conditions of a particular region of earth or area with regard to temperature, rain fall, air pressure, seasonal variations etc.
• Temperature, rainfall, solar radiations and air pressure determine the climate of an area. The variations in climates develop due to different duration, angle and intensity of solar radiations in different areas of the world, resulting in movement of winds and ocean currents.
• Climate determines the flora and fauna of a place. Local variations of a climate that occurs in an area of limited size is called micro-climate.
• If the temperature and rainfall at a place is high most of the time then the climate of that place is hot and wet.
• By taking information about climate of two places in India, we can compare climate of these regions. For eg. Jammu & Kashmir and Kerala. We find that Kerala is very hot & wet in comparison to Jammu and Kashmir.
• Similarly data of western region of India i.e. Rajasthan, shows that the temperature is very high during most of the year. Winter lasts for a few months and temperature is quite low. This region receives very little rainfall, thus this is a typical desert climate and it is hot and dry.
• The north-eastern part of India receives rain in most of the year. Thus, the climate is wet.
Difference between weather and climate