The numbers of the form p/q, where p and q are integers and q 0 are called rational numbers.

Note :
    •    All natural numbers, whole numbers, integers and fractions are rational numbers.
    •    A fraction is a rational number, but a rational number may or may not be a fraction.
    •    Zero is also a rational number.
    •    Every natural number is a rational number but a rational number need not be a natural number.

    Two rational numbers are said to be equivalent if their standard forms are same.