OTHER TYPES OF ANGLES
1.    Complementary angles: If the sum of the measures of two angles is 90° then the angles are complementary angles and each angle is complement of the other angle.

2.    Supplementary angles: If the sum of the measures of two angles is 1800 then the angles are called supplementary angles and each angle is said to be the supplement of the other.

 

Illustration 1 
        Find the measure of an angle which is complement of itself.
 Solution    
        Let the measure of the angle be xº. Then, the measure of its complement is given to be xº.
        Since, the sum of the measures of an angle and its complement is 90º.
           xº + xº = 90º    
           2xº = 90º        
            xº = 45
        Hence, the measure of the angle is 45º.

Illustration 2
        Two supplementary angles differ by 34º. Find the angles.
 Solution
        Let one angle be xº. Then, the other angle is (x + 34)º.
        Now, xº and (x + 34)º are supplementary angles.    
            xº + (x + 34)º = 180º
            2xº + 34º = 180º
            2xº = 180º – 34º
            2xº = 146º
            xº = 73º.
        Hence, the measures of two angles are 73º and 73º + 34º = 107º.

3.    Adjacent angle :
    If a pair of angles have :
    a.    a common vertex
    b.    a common arm
    c.    and their non-common arms are on either side of the common arm. Such pairs of angles are called adjacent angles. Adjacent angles have no common interior points.

4.    Linear pair: A pair of adjacent angles whose non-common sides are opposite rays. The angles in a linear pair are supplementary.

Here OA is common arm and OB and OC form opposite rays.     180°
By seeing this fig. we can say that if a ray stand on a line, then the sum of the two adjacent angles so formed is 180°.

5.    Vertically opposite angles 

 

Angles on a straight line, intersecting lines

Complementary Angle: The sum of the measures of two angles is 90°
Supplementary Angle: The sum of the measures of two angles is 180°
Adjacent Angle: Adjacent angles have a common vertex and a common arm but no common interior points
Linear pair: A linear pair is a pair of adjacent angles whose non-common sides are opposite rays
Vertically Opposite Angles: when two lines intersect, the vertically opposite angles so formed are equal 
Pairs of Lines
Intersecting lines: Two lines intersect if they have a point in common. This common point O is their point of intersection.

Adjacent Angles
A pair of angles which are placed next to each other in such a way that they have a common vertex and an arm which is common to both the angles are called adjacent angles.

Linear Pair
A linear pair is a pair of adjacent angles whose non-common arms are opposite rays.
A pair of angles placed adjacent to each other is called a linear pair if the sum of their measures is 180°.

Note: A pair of supplementary angles form a linear pair when placed adjacent to each other.
When two lines intersect, the vertically opposite angles so formed are equal.

1 + 2 = 180° …(1)
1 and 2 form a linear pair
3 + 2 = 180° …(2)
3 and 2 form a linear pair

From (1) and (2)
1 = 3
Similarly, we can prove that
2 = 4

Intersecting Lines
Two lines intersect if they have a point in common called their point of intersection.

Continue reading to

Join any of the batches using this book

Batch List

clas 7 math
Medha Sharma

Course : CBSE Class 7

Start Date : 05.02.2023

End Date : 18.07.2023

Types of Batch : Classroom

Subject M T W T F S S
Mathematics(7 hours) 11:15 AM 11:15 AM 11:15 AM 11:15 AM 11:15 AM 11:15 AM 11:15 AM