- Books Name
- CBSE Class 7 Mathematics Book
- Param Publication
- CBSE Class 7
Various definitions and concepts
Literals : The letters which are used to represent numbers are called literal numbers or literals. In 2xy, x & y are the literals.
Literal numbers obey all the rules (and signs) of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of numbers along with the properties of these operations. a × b = ab, 2 × a = 2a, 1 × a = a, x × 3 = 3x and a × a × a × ......× 15 times = a15.
In a5, 5 is called the index or exponent and a is called the base.
Constant : A term of the expression having no literal factor is called a constant term.
(i) In the binomial expression 5x + 7, the constant term is 7. In short, a symbol having a fixed numerical value is called a constant.
Variable : A symbol which takes various numerical values is called a variable.
Algebraic expression : A combination of constants and variables connected by the signs of fundamental operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division is called an algebraic expression.