Comparison of Fractions
1.    Method for comparison of two fractions:

2.    Method for comparison of more than 2 fractions:
       1st  Step : Find the L.C.M. of denominator of all the given fractions.
       2nd Step : Convert all the given fractions into like fractions by dividing the L.C.M. with individual denominators and multiplying the result obtained with denominator and numerator, of each fractions.
       3rd Step : On comparison of numerator the fraction with smaller numerator is smaller fraction.

     

Operations on Fractions:
1.    Addition of fractions:
      Rule 1: In case of like fractions, add the numerators, keeping the denominator same.

             

     Rule 2: For unlike fractions, addition is done by first converting the fractions into like fractions and then adding. In practice, the addition of unlike fractions is done by using L.C.M.

          

   Rule 3: Two mixed numbers can be added by adding whole numbers and fractions separately.

         

2.    Subtraction of Fractions:
       Rules for subtraction of fractions is similar to that of addition 
    (i)    Like fractions are subtracted by finding the difference of numerators.

        

(ii)    Unlike fractions are converted to like fractions and then subtracted.    

        

   

 

Operations in Fractions

Fundamental operations in fractions:

Addition
Subtraction,
Division,
Multiplication

Addition and subtraction of Fractions

 Addition of Like Fractions
Since like fractions have the same denominator, we retain the denominator in the final answer.
 

 We add the numerator to get the numerator of the final fraction.

 Subtraction of Like Fractions

 Since like fractions have common denominator, we retain the denominator in the denominator.
 The numerators are subtracted to get the numerator of the final fraction.

Addition of Unlike Fractions

 These fractions have different denominators.
 originally, the fractions are converted into equivalent fractions with a common denominator.
 To do so, the LCM of denominators is calculated.
 The fractions are converted into like fractions with a common denominator.
The common denominator is retained
 The numerators are added.

Deduction of Unlike Fractions

 These fractions have different denominators.
 originally, the fractions are converted into original fractions with a common denominator.
 To do so, the LCM of denominators is calculated.

 The fractions are converted into like fractions with a common denominator.
 The common denominator is retained
 The numerators are subtracted.
  

Multiplication  of a Fraction by a Whole Number

 To multiply a whole number with a proper or an improper fraction, we multiply the whole number with the numerator of the fraction, keeping the denominator same.

To multiply a mixed fraction to a whole number, first convert the mixed bit to an improper fraction and also multiply.

 Multiplication of a Fraction by a fraction

 Still, we first convert into an improper fraction, If one or both of the fractions is a mixed fraction.
 When two proper fractions are multiplied, the product is lower than both the fractions. Or, we say the value of the product of two proper fractions is lower than each of the two fractions.
 When two improper fractions are multiplied the product of two improper fractions is more than each of the two fragments. Or, the value of the product of two indecorous fragments is further than each of the two fragments.

Division of fractions
 Division of a fraction by a whole number
 A fraction being divided by a number is original to the bit being multiplied by the supplementary of the number.
 A complementary of the number is a number which we multiplied by the original number gives1. Fore.g. the complementary of 2 is ½ since 2 *1/2 = 1. also, the complementary of7/2 is2/7.
 In short, a complementary is attained by switching the numerator and denominator.

While dividing mixed fractions by whole numbers, convert the mixed fractions into improper fractions
 Division of a whole number by a fraction
 To divide a whole number by any fraction, multiply that whole number by the complementary of that fraction.
 While dividing a whole number by a mixed fraction, first convert the mixed fraction into improper fraction and also answer it.

Continue reading to

Join any of the batches using this book

Batch List

clas 7 math
Medha Sharma

Course : CBSE Class 7

Start Date : 03.02.2023

End Date : 18.07.2023

Types of Batch : Classroom

Subject M T W T F S S
Mathematics(7 hours) 11:15 AM 11:15 AM 11:15 AM 11:15 AM 11:15 AM 11:15 AM 11:15 AM