Megaliths and social differences and finding about Inamgaon.

Megaliths were big stones arranged to mark the burials. Such Megaliths are found in the deccans, south India, Kashmir. Some Megaliths were found on the surface while some in the underground.

The deads were buried with pots like black and red wares, ornaments made of stone and gold, skeleton of horses, horse equipment,etc. It was believed that what ever things were found in the burials belonged to the deads.

However more than one dead body were buried in one Megaliths. It was believed that they must have belonged to the same family. Some burials were found with made expensive items like potteries, gold and silver ornaments, animals, while some had only pots. This indicated that there social status differences among people. Some were rich, while some were poor, some were the leaders while some were the followers. These Megaliths had portholes which served as the entrance. It also had signboards so that people could identify theirs.

Inamgaon is the site situated on the river Ghod , a tributary of Bhima. The adults were generally buried here with straight body and head turned to the north side. Some burials were found in the houses. Pots filled with water and food were buried along with the burials.

Seeds of wheat, barley, millets have been excavated by the archaeologists along with the bones of animals like cattle, pigs, deers, antelopes ,mongoose and many other. The mark on their bodies indicated that they were used as food. Evidence of fruits such as ber, jamun Amla were also found.


Megaliths: Stone boulders, literally big stones

  • Megaliths were carefully arranged by the people to mark burial sites.

  • The practice of erecting megaliths began about 3000 years ago.
  • It was prevalent
    •  throughout the Deccan
    •  South India
    •  in the north-east
    •  Kashmir
  • CIST: have port-holes used as an entrance


  • Some megaliths can be seen on the surface other megalithic burials are underground
    • Indications that there were burials beneath
      • Sometimes a circle of stone boulders
      • A single large stone


  • The dead buried with distinctive pots
    • Red ware
    • Black ware
  • Tools and weapons of iron
  • Skeletons of horses
  • Horse equipment
  • Ornaments of stone and gold

Iron equipment found from megalithic burials


  • Archaeologists think that the personal belongings were kept along the skeletons in the burials
  • Sometimes more objects were in one grave than the others which shows the social differences amongst the people of that time.
    • In Brahmagiri, one skeleton was buried with
      • 33 gold beads
      • 2 stone beads
      • 4 copper bangles
      • 1 conch shell
    • Other skeleton have only few pots
  •  Some were rich,others poors, some chiefs and others followers.
  • Some burial spots meant for certain families- more than one skeleton
    • People of the same family buried in the same place but in different periods
    • Those who died later, their bodies brought into the graves through the portholes
    • Stone circles or boulders served as Signposts to mark the burial sites.
    • So that people could return to the same place whenever they wanted to.