A city is divided into small units called wards. Individual wards or a collection of wards within a corporation sometimes have their own administrative bodies known as ward committees. The members of the corporation are elected by the people of each ward. The elected representatives represent their wards and are known as ward councillors. The ward councillors look after the problems related to their ward. Ward councillors are elected every five years. Seats are reserved for women, and also for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Municipal Corporation. After elections, the ward councillors elect their heads, a Mayor and a Deputy Mayor from among themselves. The Mayor is usually chosen for a term of five years. He is the Presiding Officer of the Corporation. The Municipal Corporation also has a Chief Executive Officer known as the Commissioner. The Commissioner is appointed by the State Government from the Indian Administrative Service (lAS). He or she implements the decisions made by the Corporation. Commissioner takes the help of the officers in charge of various departments such as health, water, sanitation and housing. He or she also prepares the annual budget.

Functions :
The Constitution provides a list of functions for the local government in cities. The Corporation has both obligatory functions and optional functions.

Compulsory functions are as follows:
•    Supply of drinking water
•    Construction and maintenance of roads
•    Cleaning streets and sewerages
•    Maintenance of public health and sanitation through waste management and drainage
•    Maintenance of public hospitals and provision of vaccinations and taking measures to control epidemics
•    Establishment and maintenance of primary schools
•    Registration of births and deaths
•    Naming of streets and numbering of houses
•    Ensuring public safety by removing obstruction , say a manhole or a fallen tree, in public streets
•    Maintaining fire engines and ambulance services to save life and property

Some of its optional functions are:
•    Construction and maintenance of parks, gardens, playgrounds, libraries, museums, rest houses, etc.
•    Providing facilities such as parking lots, bus stops, street lights and public transport
•    Planting and maintaining roadside plants
•    Safeguarding the interests of the weaker sections of the society by providing housing for low income groups, rescue home for women and old, and orphanages for orphans.