*   Indian Architecture
    Harappan civilisation show excellent town planning. The most spectacular  buildings are the Great Bath and the Great Granary.

*   Progress made in the field of architecture sculpture and paintings

Find Arts and Architecture : Ancient India had achieved wonderful heights in the fields of fine arts, viz. architecture, sculpture, painting, jewellery, metallurgy, stone and metal polishing, and engineering. In the field of architecture the Public Bath of Mohen-jo-Daro, Buddhist temples at Gaya, the Stupas at Sanchi and Bharhut, the Gupta temples at Deograh and Bhitrigaon, the Lingaraja Temple at Bhubaneswar, the Tejpal Temple at Mount Abu, the Mahadeva Temple at Khajuraho, Vishnu Temple at Badami and the Shiva Temple at Tanjore deserve special mention. The Khajuraho temples were built by the Chandela Rajput rulers.

The Cholas were also great builders. They built many beautiful temples. Their best known temple is the Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjore (in Tamil Nadu), dedicated to Lord Shiva.


This is the biggest and most perfectly built temple of South India. It is known for its spacious courtyard and massive tower. Its tower rises to a height of 57 metres (190 feet) like a pyramid in 13 successive storeys. This temple, especially its tower, is the finest example of the Dravidian art. The tower-like structure is called Vimana. The idea of constructing a Copuram or a fine gateway to the enclosed walls of the temple was first conceived by the Chola kings.

In the field of sculpture and stone-carving, we have the Indus seals and toys, the Ashokan pillars at Sanchi, Sarnath, Lauria Nandangarh, Rampura, etc., stone-images made during the Gupta and the Rajput periods, several other pieces of sculpture made in the Gandhara style and the images carved in stone at the Ajanta and the Ellora caves.