Electric Current
Moving charge is called electric current. The rate of flow of charge is the amount of current,
so     I = Q/t = ne/t
Where Q = ne, Here, n = number of electrons, e = charge of electrons = 1.6×10–19c

1C = Charge of 6.25 × 1018 electrons.

Unit of Electric Current :  The S.I. unit of current is Ampere.
Smallest currents are measured in milliamperes (mA) and microampere (µA)
1mA= 10–3 A
1µA = 10–6A

Instrument to Measure Current: An ammeter is an instrument used for Measuring Electrical Current

*    It must be connected in series in the circuit.
*    Positive side of ammeter must be connected nearest of the positive terminal of the battery (electric cell), and vice versa.

Ex.1    How many electrons constitute current of one micro ampere ?
Sol.    Given : Current, 1 = 1µA = 10–6 A
We know, Q = ne
Where n is the number of electrons and e is the charg on 1 electron and e = 1.6 × 10–19 C

Ex.2    A battery can supply a charge of 2.5 × 103 C. If the current is drawn from the battery at a rate of 12.5 A. Calculate the time in which battery will get discharged ?
Sol.    Given : Charge, Q = 2.5 × 103 C
Current, I = 12.5 A